Vojvodina is a region with significant natural potential in the field of renewable energy sources and with a stable and growing economy. In addition, the national energy policy calls for increased use of renewable resources in order to meet the growing need for electricity.
- Existing regulatory framework: feed-in tariffs, privileged electricity producers, PPAs with the state power utility
- Easy access to raw material base
- 1.6 million ha of arable land –full value chain coverage
- Ideal locations for wind power plants – average 6.27 m/s
- 20-30% higher insolation intensity than EU average
- Small hydropower plants potential – about 20.2 MW
- Feed-in tariffs for privileged electricity producers, as a policy instrument, oblige utility companies to purchase electricity from renewable-energy producers at predefined rates over a guaranteed period of time. Feed-In tariffs depends on installed power (MW):
- Hydropower: 6 – 12.6 (c€/kWh)
- Biomass: 8.22 – 13.26 (c€/kWh)
- Biogas: 8.22 - 18.333-1.111*P (c€/kWh)
- Wind: 9.2
- Solar: 9 - 14.6-80*P (c€/kWh)
Agriculture in Vojvodina has traditionally been a significant part of the local economy and a generator of good results, thanks to the abundance of fertile agricultural land which makes up 84% of the territory and provides a valuable resource base. Of 1,790,000 hectares of agricultural land in Vojvodina, 1,580,000 hectares are arable. The most important sources of waste suitable for energy use are maize, soybeans rapeseed, sunflower and stubble. There is additional significant potential in waste from pruning fruit trees and vines.
Corn cobs, particularly those from small and medium sized farms, have the greatest potential of crop residues in Vojvodina. After corn cobs come wheat and soybean straw in order of significance for energy production.
Wind energy power plants
The strongest winds in Vojvodina are identified as being in the region of Vršački Breg, with an average annual wind speed of 6.27 m/s.
Vojvodina has considerable potential for solar and wind energy. The lowest measured values in Serbia are similar to the highest recorded in Austria and Germany, which lead the world in the use of solar energy.
The potential of small hydropower plants in Vojvodina has been estimated at about 20.2 MW with annual production of 90,730,000 kWh at twelve locations with 26 generators.